これだけは覚えておきたい!TOEFLで使う英単語327

英語勉強
語彙意味例文
Abundant豊富なLiving close to a lake means we have an abundant supply of water.
Accumulate蓄積するEach fall, leaves accumulate in our driveway.
Accurate正確な(correct)Make sure your address is accurate before submitting your online order.
Accustomed慣れた、いつものHaving 8AM classes means I’m accustomed to getting up early.
Acquire得る、学ぶ、習得するWhen my grandmother died, I acquired her cookbook collection.
Adamant断固としたThe defendant was adamant that he was innocent.
Adequate十分な、適切でOur house isn’t big, but it’s adequate for the two of us.
Adjacent隣接したThe park is adjacent to the school.
Adjust調整するThe bike seat may be too high; you’ll probably need to adjust it.
Advantage有利His height gives him an advantage in basketball.
Advocate主唱者、唱道者、代弁者My aunt is a major advocate for women’s’ rights.
Adverse不利な、不運な(unfavorable)I had an adverse reaction to my medication and had to stop taking it.
Aggregate集合する、集めるWe should aggregate our resources to share them more easily.
Aggressive侵略的な、攻撃的なThe salesperson was very aggressive when trying to get us to buy the television.
Allocate配分する、割り当てるThe village needs to allocate funds for building the new school.
Alternative二者択一の、代わりとなるIf the ATM is broken, an alternative solution is to stop by the bank.
Amateur未熟者、下手な人He’s an amateur soccer player and is still learning the rules of the game.
Ambiguousあいまいな、不明瞭なWhen I asked the HR manager what my chances were of getting the job, she gave me a very ambiguous reply.
Ambitious熱望して、野心的なMy son is very ambitious and hopes to be a millionaire by the time he’s thirty.
Amend修正する(improve)I believe we should amend our country’s tax laws.
Ample広大な、十分な(plentiful)Our new apartment has ample space for the two of us.
Anomaly変則、例外The basketball player is the team’s best free thrower, so his missing both shots was an anomaly.
Annual一年の、例年のThe annual company barbeque takes place every August.
Antagonize反感を買う、(…に)反対するThe boy loves to antagonize his little sister by pulling her hair.
Attitude態度After she got grounded, the teenager had a bad attitude for the rest of the day.
Attribute(…に)帰するBe sure to attribute credit to your sources when writing a research paper.
Arbitrary任意のFlipping a coin is an arbitrary way to make a decision.
Arduous困難な、骨の折れるAfter you cross the bridge, there’s an arduous walk up the hill.
Assuage緩和する、やわらげるThe mother assuaged her child’s fear of the dark.
Assume思いこむ、推測するI assumed he was rich because he worked as a lawyer.
Augment増加させるShe augments her regular salary by babysitting on the weekends.
Benefit利益(advantage)A benefit of doing homework on Friday is that your weekend will be free.
Berateひどくしかりつける、がみがみ言うOur neighbor berated us after we broke his window playing baseball.
Bestow授ける、贈るThe medal was bestowed upon him by the president.
Boast自慢するHe always boasts of his talents after he wins a game.
Boost押し上げ、後援I gave him a pep talk to boost his self-esteem before his speech.
Brashせっかちな、軽率なThe brash man always asked inappropriate questions.
Brief短時間の(short)It will only have a brief meeting, so you’ll still have plenty of time for lunch.
Brusque素気ない、ぶっきらぼうなAfter being away for so long, I expected more than her brusque greeting.
Cacophony不協和音、不快な音調The cuckoo clock shop lets off a cacophony every hour.
Ceaseやめる、終わる(stop)I wish they would cease arguing.
Censure非難、とがめEvery parent in our district censured the education cuts.
Chronological年代順のPut the historical events in chronological order to make them easier to study.
Clarify明らかにする、はっきりと説明する(make clear)I didn’t understand the instructions, so I asked the teacher to clarify them.
Coalesce合体する、合同する(combine)The people on the street eventually coalesced into a group.
Coerce強制してさせる、強要するThe young boy was coerced into stealing by his friends.
Cognizant認識して、知ってBefore mountain climbing, you need to be cognizant of the risks.
Cohesion結合(力)、(分子の)凝集力Water molecules show strong cohesion when they stick together.
Coincide同時に起こるThis year Thanksgiving coincided with my birthday.
Collapseくずれる、崩壊するThe old building finally collapsed, leaving nothing but a pile of rubble.
Collideぶつかり合う、衝突するThe two cars collided on the freeway.
Commitment委任、引き渡し、責任Joining a school play is a big commitment. You’ll need to practice every evening.
CommunityコミュニティThe Chinese community in my city is hosting a New Year celebration next week.
Conceal隠す(to hide)The mountains concealed the ocean from view.
Concur同意する(to agree)He believes women should be paid as much as men, and I concur.
Conflict争い、口論The conflict between the two families has been going on for generations.
Constrain強いてさせるYou should move your plant to a bigger pot, otherwise you’ll constrain its roots.
Contemplateじっくり考えるI spend a lot of time contemplating what career I want to have.
Continuously連続的に、切れ目なくMy neighbors have been continuously blasting their music since last night.
Contradict否認する、否定するI told the employees that sales were down, but my boss contradicted me and said sales were actually up.
Contribute寄付する、貢献するEvery roommate contributes part of his paycheck to the grocery bill.
Convey運ぶ、運搬するI’ve conveyed my interest in working for that company.
Copious豊富な、おびただしい(abundant)He always takes copious notes during class to study later on.
Core芯、核(central)Although many employees left the company, the core leadership remained.
Corrode腐食する、食い込むThe rust corroded the paint on my car.
Cumbersome扱いにくい、やっかいな(burdensome, clumsy)Trying to carry four grocery bags at once was very cumbersome.
Curriculum履修課程、カリキュラムOur school needs to add more music courses to its curriculum.
DataデータThe data from these graphs show that yearly temperatures are increasing.
Decay腐る、腐敗する、虫歯になるAfter the tree died, its wood began to decay.
Deceiveだます、欺くHe deceived me by pretending to be a millionaire.
Decipher解読するThe spy deciphered the secret code.
Declaration宣言、発表、布告He made a declaration to the office that he was quitting.
Decline宣言、発表、布告Her health has declined ever since she turned 70.
Degrade品位を落とすMy attempt at cake degraded into a crumbly mess.
DemonstrateTo showLet me demonstrate the proper way of throwing a football.
Deny否定するHe denied being the robber.
Deplete使い尽くす、枯渇させるYour shopping sprees have depleted my savings.
Deposit預ける、預金するPlease deposit your books in the bin outside the library.
Desirable望ましい、好ましいBravery is a desirable trait for firefighters to have.
Despise軽蔑する、見くびる、嫌う(hate)I despise early morning classes.
Detect見つけるThe police dog detected the missing child’s scent.
Deterやめさせる、思いとどまらせる(discourage)The warning signs on the house deterred trespassers.
Deviateはずれる、逸脱するI decided to deviate from my normal route home and took a shortcut.
Devise工夫する、考案するThe coach devised a plan for winning the game.
Diatribe痛烈な非難の演説The politician went into a diatribe against her opponent.
Digress本筋を離れるThe teacher digressed from the lecture to discuss the weather.
DilemmaジレンマThe student faced the dilemma of attending school sick or missing her exam.
Diminish減らす、少なくするSprinkle baking soda on the carpet to diminish the stain.
Dispose配列する、配置するI need to dispose of this trash.
Disproportionate不釣り合いな、不相応なThe piece of pie I received was disproportionately small.
Disrupt崩壊させる、粉砕するThe protesters disrupted the politician’s speech.
Distortゆがめる、ねじるThe camera filter distorted the image.
Distribute分配する、配るDistribute the materials evenly among the class.
Diverse種々の、多様なThis city has a very diverse population.
Divert転換する、わきへ向けるBecause of the accident, the police had to divert traffic down a side street.
Dynamic動的なThe theater has dynamic shows, so you never know what you’ll see.
Ease気楽、安楽This prescription will ease your allergies.
Efficient能率的なNow that I’m following a schedule at work, I’m much more efficient.
Eliminate除去する(remove)Our team lost the match and was eliminated from the competition.
Elite精鋭、エリートThe elite detective team were also sent for when there were big crimes.
Eloquent雄弁な、能弁なHer eloquent writing has gained her many fans.
Emphasize強調するThe teacher emphasized the due date of the project.
Endure耐え忍ぶHe has endured four knee operations so far.
Enhance高める、増すThe falling snow enhanced the beauty of the small village.
Epitome典型、縮図The duchess is the epitome of class.
Equivalent同等の、同価値の(equal)Twenty-four is equivalent to two dozen.
Erroneous誤った、間違った(incorrect)He apologized for his erroneous statement.
Estimate見積もり、概算Try to get an estimate of the number of people attending the concert.
Evade避ける(avoid/escape)By hiding in the bathroom, we were able to evade the intruder.
Evaluate査定する、評価する(assess)At the end of the class, every student will evaluate how well the professor taught.
Evidence証拠These fossils are evidence of evolution.
Evolve進展する、進化するThe small school evolved into a world-class institution.
Exemplary模範的なShe is an exemplary student, and you should copy her study habits.
Exclude締め出す、遮断するThe young boy was excluded from his friends’ soccer game.
Exclusive他人を入れない、排他的なWe may not be able to get in since that club is very exclusive.
Expand拡大する、拡張するAdding air to bike tires will cause them to expand.
Expertise専門的技術、ノウハウThe surgeon’s expertise is knee surgeries.
Exploit搾取するThe company exploited its workers by making them work long hours.
Expose暴露する、あばく(reveal/unmask)The emails presented exposed the company’s corruption.
Extension広げること、伸長If you’re sick on the day the paper is due, the teacher may give you an extension on the due date.
Extract抜き取る、取り出すThe dentist extracted one of my teeth.
Famine食糧不足Millions of children in  Ethiopia died due to the famine there.
Feasible実行できる、うまくいきそうなThis study plan you made for me sounds feasible, even with my work schedule.
Finite有限のRemember that life is finite; you’re not immortal.
Flawひび、割れ目I got the diamond for a reduced price since the stone had a flaw.
Fluctuate変動する、上下するI’m not sure what to wear since the temperature has been fluctuating so much.
Focus集中させるThe program is going to focus on environmental issues.
Fortify強化するThe king decided to fortify the castle walls to protect them during attacks.
Framework骨組み、枠組みSkyscrapers must have a strong framework to support all the floors.
Frivolous浅薄な、軽薄なYou must stop spending your money on frivolous purchases.
Function機能、働きThe function of petals is to attract insects to the plant.
Fundamental基礎的なLearning scales is fundamental to being a good piano player.
GapBe careful to avoid the gap between the two steps.
Garbled事実を曲げた、要領を得ないOur answering machine is so bad that people’s voices are always garbled.
Generate生成する、生む(produce)The fire generates heat, which keeps the room warm.
Grandiose気取った、偉そうなThe actress had only one small part before she got grandiose ideas of her fame.
Hackneyed使い古した、陳腐なHIs poems contain many hackneyed phrases.
Haphazard偶然There was no schedule, so the event was very haphazard.
Harsh耳障りな、不快な(not gentle/unpleasant)Her comments on my performance were very harsh and not kind at all.
Hasty急な、あわただしいIn order to avoid the police, the robbers made a hasty retreat.
Hazardous危険な、きわどいThe nuclear reactor has a lot of hazardous waste.
Hesitate躊躇するShe hesitated before entering the abandoned building.
Hierarchy階級組織、ヒエラルキーIn the office hierarchy, the manager is higher than the associate.
Hindrance妨害、障害Her hatred of public transportation is a hindrance when trying to get around New York City.
Hollowうつろの、中空のThe dead tree is hollow.
Horror恐怖、嫌悪The haunted house filled me with horror.
Hostile敵の、敵意のあるMy ex-boyfriend’s new girlfriend was very hostile towards me.
Hypothesis仮説You’ll need to conduct an experiment to test your hypothesis.
Identicalまったく同じThe twins were completely identical.
Illiterate読み書きのできないBecause he’d never been able to attend school, the man was illiterate.
Illustrate説明する、例証するThe professor illustrated the lesson with a personal story.
Impact効果、影響His moving words had a large impact on me.
Impair減じる、害するDrinking alcohol will impair your driving abilities.
Implement道具、用具We will implement the new schedule starting next semester.
Imply含む、伴う、暗示するMy mother implied that I was the one who forgot to take out the trash.
Impose負わせる、課するAfter the riots, the mayor imposed a curfew on the town.
Impoverish貧しくする、貧乏にするThese medical bills are going to impoverish me.
Incentive刺激、動機I hate my job, but the big paychecks are a good incentive to stick with it.
Incessant絶え間ないI can’t sleep because of the dog’s incessant barking.
Incidental付随的なDon’t worry about your grade on this quiz; it’s only an incidental part of your grade.
Inciteかき立てるThe ringleader incited the soldiers to rebellion.
Inclination傾向、性向、好み(preference)My inclination is to go to bed early.
Incompetent無能な、役に立たないThe incompetent worker was fired from his job.
Inconsistent矛盾するHis pitching has been very inconsistent all season.
Indefatigable疲れない、根気のよいShe is an indefatigable hiker and can walk all day.
Indisputable明白な、確実なShe’s the indisputable star of the basketball team.
Ineffective無効な、効果のないThe drug was shown to be ineffective at curing cancer.
Inevitable避けられない、免れないEven if you’re healthy, death is inevitable in the end.
Infer推論するI inferred that she was annoyed based on her body language.
Inflate膨脹させるGetting a promotion has really inflated his ego.
Influence影響The older sister has been a positive influence on her younger siblings.
Inhibit抑制するThis cleaning spray inhibits the growth of bacteria.
Initial初めの、最初のShe was the initial president of the company.
Inquiry質問、問い合わせCongress launched an inquiry after the senator was accused of taking bribes.
Integral不可欠な、必須の、積分のYou can’t quit. You’re an integral part of this team.
Integrate統合する、統一する(combine)When making a cake, you need to fully integrate the wet and dry ingredients.
Interpret解釈する、説明するI need you to interpret this German speech for me.
Intervene介在する、入り込むWhen the toddlers couldn’t share their toys, their mothers had to intervene.
Intrepid勇猛な、大胆なThe intrepid mountain climber reached the top of Mt. Everest.
Intricate複雑な、難解なThe pattern on this blanket is so intricate.
Invasive侵入する、侵略的なWe found the stranger’s questions too personal and very invasive.
Investigate調査する(examine/study)The police are going to investigate the crime scene.
Irascible怒りっぽい、短気なEven though my grandfather seems irascible, he’s actually very loving.
Irony皮肉“I love spending my Friday nights doing homework,” she said with irony.
Irresolute優柔不断なNot sure which direction to go in, he stood irresolute.
Jargon専門用語To be a successful doctor, you’ll need to learn a lot of medical jargon.
Jointly共同で、連帯的に(together)The newlyweds jointly opened up a bank account.
Knack技巧、巧みなわざMy brother has a real knack for solving tricky math problems.
Labor労働、勤労Building a house requires a lot of labor.
LagぐずつくI stayed with the front group of runners for the first few miles, but after that I began to lag.
Lampoon風刺文、落首The cartoonist lampooned the president’s speech.
Languishだれる、元気がなくなるDuring winter break, my plants languished since I was visiting my parents and couldn’t water them.
Lecture講義、講演The professor will give a 30 minute lecture before the quiz.
Leery疑い深いI’m leery of taking the dark-looking shortcut.
Legitimate合法の、適法のThe way he became mayor is completely legitimate.
Lenient寛大な、慈悲深いThe judge gave the criminal a lenient sentence due to his bad childhood.
Likelyありそうな、本当らしいI don’t have much homework, so it’s likely I’ll be able to go out tonight.
Ludicrousばかげた、こっけいなHis claims about me are absolutely ludicrous.
Maintain持続する、維持するShe has maintained the same weight since high school.
Majorより重要な,主要な(very important)This test is a major part of your final grade.
Manipulate操縦するHe tried to manipulate the results of the election.
Maximize極大化するThe store’s goal this year is to maximize its profit.
Measure測定する、測るBy measuring the tree, I found it was seven feet tall.
Mediocre並の、平凡なThe meal the chef made was only mediocre.
Mend直す、繕う、改めるMy mother will mend the hole in my shirt.
Method手法Her method for making bread takes three days.
Migrate移住するEvery fall, the geese migrate to Florida.
Minimum最小のYou need to get a minimum of 70% on the test to pass the class.
Misleading人を誤らせる、誤解させるThe advertisement for the weight loss pills is very misleading since studies have shown they’re ineffective.
Modify修正するI need to modify my style so it looks more professional.
Morose気難しい、不機嫌なThe boy was morose after hearing he didn’t make the football team.
Negligent怠慢な、不注意なThe negligent babysitter invited her friends over while the children were upstairs.
Nonchalantむとんちゃくな、無関心なI was hurt when my friend greeted me so nonchalantly.
Obey従う、服従するMy dog always obeys me when I ask her to sit.
Obtain手に入れる(get)The spy obtained the secret codes we need.
Obvious明らかなThe large poster of Michael Jackson over her bed made it obvious who her favorite singer was.
Opponent相手、敵対者The soccer player blocked her opponent’s shot at the goal.
Oppress厳しく支配する、圧迫するFor the past ten generations the royal family has oppressed the peasants by keeping them in poverty.
Origin起源The explorers are trying to find the origin of the Nile.
Paradigm例、模範、典型This work of art is a paradigm of the period; you’ll see many examples of it in the museum.
Parsimonious極度に倹約なThe parsimonious woman only donated a dollar to charity.
Partake共にする、食べる、飲むMy leg was feeling much better, so I decided to partake in the soccer match.
Partial部分的なWe can get strawberry ice cream, but I’m actually more partial to chocolate.
Paucity少数、少量、不足During the drought, the town had a paucity of fresh water.
Peak先端、絶頂、最高点Winning the championship was the peak of his career.
Peripheral周囲の、周辺のThere are some peripheral fights going on at the outdoor concert.
Permeate浸透するLet the maple syrup permeate your waffles before eating them.
Persist固執する、やり通すI may have lost my last six games, but I will continue to persist trying to win.
Pertain付属するHow does your question pertain to the lecture?
Phase段階、時期In high school, I went through a phase where I only wore black clothes.
Poll世論調査The polls show that my candidate is going to win the election.
Potent効能のある、人を信服させるOnly take one sleeping pill since they’re very potent.
Pragmatic実用本位の、実際的なYour boyfriend is too dramatic. I think you need a more pragmatic man.
Praise称賛する、ほめるThe book is the best I’ve ever read; I can’t praise it enough.
Precede先導する、先んずるThe flower girls preceded the bride when they walked down the aisle.
Precise正確な、精密な(exact)When collecting data, it’s important that your measurements are very precise.
Prestigious名声のあるHarvard is one of the most prestigious colleges in the United States.
Prevalent一般に行なわれる、流行するIf more people don’t start washing their hands, disease will become more prevalent.
Primary初期の、最初のMaeve’s primary goal in life is to become a doctor.
Prior前の、先のPrior to becoming a teacher, Elena worked as a book editor.
Proceed続行するI’m sorry for interrupting; please proceed with your speech.
Progeny子孫The dog’s progeny all have yellow fur.
Promote昇進させるI’m promoting this new indie movie so that more people will buy tickets to it.
Prosper繁栄する、成功するDave hopes his new business will prosper and make him a millionaire.
Proximity近接The twins hated to be apart, so they bought houses in close proximity to each other.
Quarrel口げんか、口論Nina and her boyfriend always quarrel over money.
Range並べる、整列させるThe range of ages at the concert spanned from 12 to 65.
Rank階級、等級Archibald was promoted to the rank of first captain.
Rebuke非難するAfter staying out too late, Grace received a rebuke from her parents.
Recapitulate要約するAt the end of his speech, the politician made sure to recapitulate his main points.
Recede手を引く、減退するTwo days after the flood, the seawater finally began to recede from our house.
Recommend推薦するI need to ask Mr. Smith if he’ll recommend me for this leadership position.
Reform改革する、改善するMelanie’s father is in charge of reforming to school system.
Regulate取り締まる、統制するBen needs to regulate how much he eats in order to stay at a healthy weight.
Reinforce補強する、増強するThe builders reinforced the house’s wooden frame with steel beams.
Reject拒絶する、却下するLydia rejected my invitation to the homecoming dance.
Release釈放する、自由にするThe CEO decided to release the company’s profits from last year.
Rely信頼するI rely on coffee to get my through my mornings.
Reproachとがめる、しかるThe coach reproached the players for failing to play their best.
Require要求するThe camping trip requires that every participant bring their own food and sleeping bag.
Resent憤慨する、腹を立てるI’ve always resented my sister because she is my mother’s favorite child.
Resignやめる、辞任するDue to his declining health, the mayor decided to resign from office.
Resist抵抗する、反抗するResist the impulse to have ice cream for breakfast.
Resolve決意する、決心するMatt resolved to get better grades next semester by studying every night.
Restrict制限するMy doctor told me to restrict myself to one glass of wine a day.
Retain保つ、保持するI’ve decided to retain my normal hairstyle.
Retract納める、取り消すAfter numerous errors were found, the newspaper retracted the story.
Retrieve取り戻す、回収するAlexis got out of the car to retrieve the ball her little brother had thrown.
Rhetorical修辞学の、修辞的な、美辞麗句の、誇張したYou aren’t expected to actually answer rhetorical questions.
Rigidこわばった、厳格なThe boys’ father was happy to see the base of the treehouse was rigid and sturdy.
Rotate回転するRotate the sculpture so I can see the other side.
Safeguard守る、保護するA retirement fund is one way to safeguard your finances for the future.
Scrutinize綿密に検査するThe judges were looking for perfection, so they scrutinized every entry.
Section部分、断片This section of the stadium dressed completely in red.
Select選ぶ(choose)Jane selected a blue dress to wear to the wedding.
Sequence連続、ひと続きLibrarians need to know how order books in the correct sequence.
Severe厳しい、厳格なMy uncle is currently battling a severe illness in the hospital.
Shallow浅いYou don’t need to worry about getting your dress wet. The water is very shallow here.
Shelterシェルタ-The empty barn gave the men shelter during the storm.
Shrink縮む、つまるHopefully this cream will cause my scar to shrink.
Significant重要な(important)The Gettysburg Address was a significant event during the Civil War.
Source源泉You shouldn’t use Wikipedia as a source when writing school papers.
Sparse希薄な、まばらなThe farm was almost empty; there were just a few sparse trees here and there.
Specify明示するYou need to specify which size shirt you want before I can order it.
Speculate思索する、沈思するMy sister loves to speculate on the private lives of celebrities.
Solitary孤独の(alone)The hermit lives a solitary existence deep in the mountains.
Somber薄暗い、黒ずんだAfter losing the competition, the chess players were very somber.
Sootheなだめる、なだめすかすThe mother sang a lullaby to soothe her crying baby.
Squalidごみごみした、汚いThe shelter was squalid and overcrowded.
Stable安定したWe’re lucky to live in a country with such a stable government.
Stagnant流れない、よどんでいるWith few new jobs created, the economy has remained stagnant for the past five years.
Strategy戦略The football team will need a good strategy to win the game tomorrow.
Subsequentその次の、続いて起こるThe first king was a good ruler, but subsequent kings have all been corrupt.
Substitute代わりに用いるIf you don’t have sugar, honey makes a good substitute for this recipe.
Subtle微妙なMaya’s perfume was very subtle; you had to get close to her to smell it.
Sufficient十分な、足りるMake sure you have sufficient food for the camping trip.
Summarize要約するThe class didn’t have time to read the book, so the professor summarized it for them.
Supervise監督する、管理するMy dad didn’t think we were old enough to build the fort on our own, so he supervised us.
Supplant取って代わるThe king was supplanted by his treacherous younger brother who locked him in the dungeon.
Suspendつるす、掛ける、一時停止するThe lamp is suspended from the high ceiling.
Suspicious疑い深いThe couple became suspicious when they saw strange men removing their neighbor’s expensive electronics during the night.
Sustain維持する、養うI stopped trying to sustain the friendship after he made fun of how I looked.
Symbolic象徴的なA cross is symbolic of Christianity.
Technical工芸の、専門のThe laptop manual is full of technical terms only a computer expert can understand.
Terminal終わりの、末端のEveryone on the train must get off at the terminal stop.
Tolerate大目に見る、黙って許すI tolerate the rude man since he is my husband’s best friend.
Transfer移す、動かす、運ぶBen’s work is going to transfer him from Chicago to Detroit.
Transition移り変わり、移行The transition from student to employee can often take awhile to get used to.
Transparent透明な、透き通るHer attempt to flatter the movie star was very transparent.
Tuition授業料College tuition prices have gone up in recent decades.
Unobtrusive目立たないThe prince’s bodyguards had mastered the art of being unobtrusive.
Unscathed無傷のIan was lucky to walk away from the car crash unscathed.
Upbeat楽天的な、陽気な(happy)Even when she’s having a bad day, my mom always has an upbeat attitude.
Unjust不公平な、不当なSince I tried my hardest on the exam, I felt my teacher’s criticism of me was unjust.
Vacillate揺れる、ゆらぐ、よろめくShe vacillated between the two dresses before finally deciding to wear a skirt.
Valid正当な、妥当な、有効なThe soldiers had valid concerns about the battles they’d be facing.
Vanish消える、見えなくなるThe plane vanished behind the clouds.
Vary変えるTvary one's meals
Verdict評決、答申The jury delivered a guilty verdict.
Vestige 痕跡、跡The empty castle still had a few vestiges of its former wealth.
Vialガラス瓶、水薬瓶The chemist carefully filled the vial with the bubbling solution.
Vilifyけなす、中傷するMark was vilified by his angry ex-girlfriend.
Voluminousおびただしい、豊富なThe puffy wedding dress had voluminous sleeves.
Whereas…であるのに、ところがI always save my money whereas my brother is constantly in debt.
Whollyまったく、完全に(completely)The monk is wholly devoted to his faith.
Widespread広げた、広く行きわたったThere is widespread poverty across that country.
Wiltしぼむ、しおれる、元気がなくなるPlants will wilt if you don’t water them regularly.

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